While the fields of online and hybrid learning have received much media attention recently, many have spent decades of researching, developing and refining strategies for effective digital instruction. Those with a history in the field have come to recognize the contribution of several varied disciplines - data mining & analytics, learning theory, educational technology, evaluation, and games & simulations - in creating rich, scalable digital learning experiences. Experts and EducationXPress community members have identified their ‘short list’ or recommended reading in their respective disciplines to share the best of their fields with you. For your convenience, these seminal readings have been compiled in our Reading List with the intent of providing those new to these varied disciplines the best of the current and historical writing in each of the areas critical to success in online and hybrid learning.

Publish Date
Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning
John Seely Brown, Allan Collins, Paul Duguid
Many teaching practices implicitly assume that conceptual knowledge can be abstracted from the situations in which it is learned and used. This article argues that this assumption inevitably limits the effectiveness of such practices. Drawing on recent research into cognition as it is manifest in everyday activity, the authors argue that knowledge is situated, being in part a product of the...
2013
A History of E-Learning
Paul Nicholson
In many contemporary sectors, e-learning is often regarded as a "new" form of learning that uses the affordances of the Internet to deliver customized, often interactive, learning materials and programs to diverse local and distant communities of practice. This view, however, is historically disconnected from its antecedent instantiations, failing to recognize the extensive links between...
2013
Blended Learning: The Proof and the Promise
Salman Khan, Sandy Speicher, Stacey Brewer
Can the use of technology radically improve educational quality and access globally? Finally, after years of hype, there is exciting progress in applying technology to deliver scalable, high quality education, even to those in some of the world’s most challenging environments. Engage with leading innovators to explore what is working in classrooms and at home, how successful solutions can be...
2013
New Technology-Based Models for Postsecondary Learning: Conceptual Frameworks and Research Agendas
Working Group on Postsecondary Learning
Report of a National Science Foundation-sponsored Computing Research Association workshop held at MIT on January 9-11, 2013.
2013
Connected Learning: An Agenda for Research and Design
Mizuko Ito, Kris Gutiérrez, Sonia Livingstone, Bill Penuel, Jean Rhodes, Katie Salen, Juliet Schor, Julian Sefton-Green, S. Craig Watkins
This report is a synthesis of ongoing research, design, and implementation of an approach to education called “connected learning.” It advocates for broadened access to learning that is socially embedded, interest-driven, and oriented toward educational, economic, or political opportunity. Connected learning is realized when a young person is able to pursue a personal interest or passion with the...
2013
Classifying K-12 Blended Learning
Heather Staker, Michael B. Horn
As blended learning continues to expand across the K–12 sector, definitions are important to help people talk about the new phenomenon. This white paper refines the authors' previous work in helping to create a shared language for the emerging field so that innovators can build upon each other’s ideas, rather than talk past each other.
2012
Disrupting College: How Disruptive Innovation Can Deliver Quality and Affordability to Postsecondary Education
Clayton M. Christensen, Michael B. Horn, Louis Caldera, Louis Soares
America is in crisis. Employers say paradoxically they cannot find the right people to fill jobs even though the country is facing its highest unemployment rates in a generation. Competition with a rising China and India and their vast populations lend urgency to the need for the country as a whole to do a better job of educating its citizens.
2011
The Sage Handbook of e-Learning Research
Richard Andrews, Caroline Haythornthwaite
This book provides a state-of-the-art, in-depth account of research in the rapidly expanding field of e-learning. The first of its kind, it provides reviews of over 20 areas in e-learning research by experts in the field, and provides a critical account of the best work to date. The contributors cover the basics of the discipline, as well as new theoretical perspectives.   
2007
How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School, Expanded Edition
National Research Council (U.S.)
This popular trade book, originally released in hardcover in the spring of 1999, has been newly expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This paperback edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that...
2000
How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School
National Research Council
This popular trade book, originally released in hardcover in the spring of 1999, has been newly expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This paperback edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that...
2000

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